Logger written in C89 targeting embedded systems. It's main goals are to be small and fast. Many features can be disabled during compilation to generate smaller binary. Amount of needed stack memory can be lowered by adjusting maximum printable size of single log message. Altough logger focuses on embedded systems, it is general c/c++ logger that can be used in any application. Implemented features are (most of them optionally configured in runtime):
- printing to different outputs (simultaneously) like:
- syslog (very limited, works on nuttx for now)
- directly to serial device (like /dev/ttyS0)
- standard error (stderr)
- standard output (stdout)
- file (with optional log rotate, and syncing to prevent data loss)
- automatic file reopening on unexpected events (file deletion, SD remount)
- custom routine - can be anything embedlog just calls custom function with string to print
- appending timestamp to every message
- CLOCK_REALTIME (requires POSIX)
- CLOCK_MONOTONIC (requires POSIX)
- configurable precision of fraction of seconds (mili, micro, nano)
- print location of printed log (file and line)
- print function name of printed log (required at least c99)
- 8 predefinied log levels (total rip off from syslog(2))
- colorful output (ansi colors) for easy error spotting
- print memory block in wireshark-like output
- fully binary logs with binary data (like CAN frames) to save space
- full thread safety using pthread
Almost all of these features can be disabled to save some precious bytes of memory.
For detailed description of every function check out man pages
Check examples directory to get the idea of how to use embedlog. Examples can also be compiled to see how they work.
Library is written in C89 but some features require implemented POSIX to work. Also there are some additional features for users with C99 compiler.
To run unit tests, you also need librb
Project has been tested on following systems/architectures
operating system tests
- arm-cortex-m4-nuttx-7.24 (manual)
Compiling and installing
Project uses standard automake so to build you need to:
$ autoreconf -i $ ./configure $ make # make install
To run test simply run
$ make check
Compile examples with
$ cd examples $ make
Build time options
Many features can be disabled to save space and ram. While this may not be neccessary to change on big operating systems such as linux or freebsd, it may come in handy when compiling for very small embedded systems. All options are passed to configure script in common way ./configure --enable-feature. Run ./configure --help to see help on that matter. For all --enable options it is also valid to pass --disable. Enabling option here does not mean it will be hard enabled in runtime, this will just give you an option to enable these settings later in runtime.
--enable-out-stderr (default: enable)
When set, library will be able to print logs to standard error output (stderr) and standard output (stdout). Nothing fancy.
--enable-out-file (default: enable)
Allows to configure logger to print logs to file. Optional file rotation can be enabled. Number of rotation files and maximum size of rotation log file can be defined in runtime
--enable-out-custom (default: enable)
Allows to pas own function which will receive fully constructed message to print as const char *. Usefull when there is no output facility that suits your needs.
--enable-timestamp (default: enable)
When enabled, logger will be able to add timestamp to every message. Timestamp can be in short or long format and timer source can be configured. Check out man page to read more about it.
--enable-fractions (default: enable)
When enabled, logger will be able to add fractions of seconds to each message. Fractions are added after reguler timestamp in format ".mmm" where mmm is fractions of seconds in milliseconds. This can be tuned to use micro or even nanoseconds - if system has such resolution.
--enable-realtime, --enable-monotonic (default: enable)
Allows to use better precision timers - CLOCK_REALTIME and CLOCK_MONOTONIC but requires POSIX
--enable-clock (default: enable)
Allows logger to use clock(3) as time source
--enable-binary-logs (default: disable)
This will allow you to log binary data (like data read from CAN). Such logs cannot be read with ordinary cat or less and will ned custom-made log decoder, but such logs will use much less space on block devices. This of course can be used with file rotation. This doesn't work with stderr or syslog output as it would make no sense to send binary data there
--enable-prefix (default: enable)
This will allow user to add custom string prefix to each message printed. Very usefull when multiple programs logs to single source (like syslog or stderr, it's easier to distinguish who sent that log. It's also usefull when you want to merge logs from multiple files into on big file of logs.
--enable-finfo (default: enable)
When enabled, information about line and file name from where log originated will be added to each message.
--enable-funcinfo (default: disable)
When enabled, information about function name from where log originated will be added to each message. This uses func so you need compiler that supports that. It was added in c99 standard.
--enable-colors (default: enable)
If enabled, output logs can be colored depending on their level. Good for quick error spotting.
--enable-colors-extended (default: disable)
When enable, embedlog will use more colors for some log levels. Without that some log levels will have same output color. Not all terminals/tools supports extended colors.
--enable-reentrant (default: enable)
Uses reentrant functions where possible. Not available on every platform, but if enabled, provides thread-safety on line level - that means, lines won't overlap with another thread. This is true only when output is stderr or stdout, when output is file, you need to use true thread safety with the help of EL_THREAD_SAFE and --enable-pthread.
--enable-pthread (default: enable)
When enabled, you will be able to configure embedlog to use EL_THREAD_SAFE, which will provide full thread safety in all circumstances. This is critical if output is other than stderr or stdout - like file, as there is internal state in el object that is kept between calls.
--enable-portable-snprintf (default: disable)
When enabled, library will use internal implementation of snprintf even if snprintf is provided by the operating system.
Michał Łyszczek email@example.com
Library is licensed under BSD 2-clause license. See LICENSE file for details
- c89 snprintf function family by Mark Martinec
- mtest unit test framework embedlog uses
- librb ring buffer used in unit tests
- git repository to browse code online
- polarhome nearly free shell accounts for virtually any unix there is.
- pvs studio static code analyzer with free licenses for open source projects